Kidney failure, also known as renal failure, occurs when the kidneys are unable to adequately filter waste products from the blood. There are two types of kidney failure: acute and chronic. Here are some common symptoms associated with kidney failure:
- Fatigue: Feeling constantly tired or lacking energy is a common symptom of kidney failure. This can be due to the buildup of waste products and toxins in the body.
- Swelling: Kidney failure can cause fluid retention, leading to swelling in the hands, feet, ankles, or face. This is known as edema and occurs because the kidneys are not effectively removing excess fluid from the body.
- Changes in urine: You may notice changes in the frequency, volume, color, and consistency of your urine. Urine may appear dark, foamy, or bloody. Additionally, you may have an increased or decreased need to urinate.
- Shortness of breath: When the kidneys are not functioning properly, fluid can accumulate in the lungs, causing difficulty in breathing. This symptom may worsen during physical activity or while lying down.
- Nausea and vomiting: The buildup of waste products and toxins in the blood can lead to gastrointestinal disturbances, resulting in feelings of nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite.
- Itching and skin rashes: Kidney failure can cause a buildup of waste products in the blood, leading to skin itching and rashes. The skin may also appear pale or dry.
- High blood pressure: The kidneys play a crucial role in regulating blood pressure. When they are damaged, blood pressure can rise, leading to hypertension.
- Muscle cramps and weakness: Electrolyte imbalances, such as low levels of calcium and potassium, can occur in kidney failure. These imbalances can cause muscle cramps, weakness, and general discomfort.
- Difficulty concentrating and confusion: The buildup of waste products in the blood can affect brain function, leading to difficulty concentrating, memory problems, and confusion.
- Decreased urine output: In some cases of kidney failure, urine output may significantly decrease or even stop altogether. This is known as oliguria or anuria and requires immediate medical attention.
It’s important to note that these symptoms can vary depending on the severity and underlying cause of kidney failure. If you experience any of these symptoms or have concerns about your kidney health, it is recommended to consult a healthcare professional for proper evaluation and diagnosis.
More from my site